What are the transportation channels for foreign trade enterprises to choose international logistics?

source:未知pubdate:2018-10-28 16:57 click:
With the rapid development of global economy and cross-border logistics, there are more and more foreign trade sellers. Whenever an order is received on the platform, the first question to consider is how to choose express logistics to ship goods abroad. Cooperation with the third logistics is very important.
Because no matter what industry you are working in or on the Internet, you need to optimize logistics costs, consider customer experience, integrate logistics resources and explore new forms of logistics, so we need to know what channels foreign trade merchants export international logistics choose to transport?
1. The characteristics of liner transportation: (1) Liner transportation has a fixed ship date, route, port of call and a relatively fixed freight rate; (2) Liner freight includes loading and unloading charges, so the port of the liner is responsible for loading and unloading by the ship; (3) The quantity of cargo carried by the liner is more flexible, and the cargo owner can book space on demand, especially suitable for general groceries. And container cargo transportation.
2, liner freight.
Liner freight is stipulated by liner tariff, including basic freight and various surcharges. The basic freight rates are divided into two categories: one is traditional freight and the other is container rate.
Sea freight groceries are also charged according to the commodity price or the number of packages. A lot of low value goods can be negotiated by both ship and cargo.
There are many kinds of surcharges in liner freight, including: extra-long surcharge, extra-heavy surcharge, optional unloading port surcharge, change of unloading port surcharge, fuel surcharge, port congestion surcharge, detour surcharge, transshipment surcharge and direct shipping surcharge.
In addition to the above sea freight charges, the cost of container transportation also includes the related service fee and equipment usage fee.
In addition, the liner company charges freight for different goods mixed in the same package according to the higher charges. If the goods on the same bill of lading are not packaged in the same way, their charging grades and standards are also different. If the shipper does not specify gross weight and volume in different packages, the goods on the whole bill of lading will be charged at a higher rate. If the shipper does not specify gross weight and volume separately, the goods on the same bill of lading will be charged at a higher rate.
Charter transportation
Charter means charter whole ship. Charter cost is lower than liner and can choose direct route, so bulk cargo is generally chartered. There are two ways of chartering: fixed charter and time charter.
1. scheduled charter. A fixed voyage charter is a voyage based charter way, also known as voyage charter. The ship must complete the cargo transport task according to the voyage stipulated in the Charter party, and be responsible for the operation and management of the ship and the expenses incurred during the voyage. Freight for voyage charter is usually calculated on the basis of quantity of shipment, and also calculated according to voyage charter amount.
The rights and obligations of both parties shall be stipulated by the charter party. In the way of voyage charter, the contract should be clear whether the ship will bear the loading and unloading expenses of the goods at the port. If the ship is not responsible for loading and unloading, the time limit or rate of loading and unloading as well as the corresponding demurrage and express payment shall be stipulated in the contract. If the tenant fails to complete the loading and unloading operation within the time limit. In order to compensate the ship for the loss of delayed sailing caused by this, a certain fine, i.e. demurrage, shall be paid to the ship. If the lessee completes the loading and unloading operation ahead of time, the ship will pay a certain bonus to the tenant, which is called the dispatch fee. Usually, the dispatch fee is half of the demurrage.
2. time charter. Time charter is a mode of transport by chartering ships for a certain period of time. Also known as time charter, the ship party shall provide seaworthy ships within the charter period stipulated in the contract, and bear the relevant costs for maintaining seaworthiness. The charterer may dispatch and control the vessel within the prescribed navigational area, but shall be responsible for all expenses incurred in the course of operation, such as fuel, port and loading and unloading charges.
Three, international logistics, land transportation logistics
Land logistics transportation technology mainly includes transportation facilities and transportation operations, the former belongs to transportation hard technology, the latter belongs to transportation soft technology. Hard transport technology mainly includes the improvement of transport infrastructure, such as roads, railways, sea transport, transport vehicles and other infrastructure. Soft transport technology includes management methods, logistics technology, logistics personnel literacy and so on.
Under the favorable macroeconomic environment, the transport sector, on the basis of continuing to deepen the reform of the system, has vigorously carried out structural adjustment and enterprise restructuring to improve transport efficiency and service quality. The transport situation has been developing smoothly. Railway, highway and water transport are the main modes of transport. The transport volume and turnover in 2002 are listed below. :
Due to the rapid development of the coastal regional economy and the growth of foreign trade, the throughput of the main coastal ports increased rapidly, reaching 1.426 billion tons in 2001 and 1.6 billion tons in 2002. 63 million tons, a growth rate of 14.25%. As a result of China's accession to the WTO, the total volume of foreign trade is expected to exceed US $700 billion by 2005. Foreign direct investment is about $40 billion and will exceed US $100 billion by 2005. Port throughput will also maintain a trend of rapid growth. Seven ports rank among the world's 100 million tons ports, with cargo throughput exceeding 200 million tons, making Shanghai the fourth largest port in the world. At present, the throughput of 7 million tonnes of Dagang in 2001 and 2002 are shown in table three respectively.
For foreign trade businesses, the mode of transportation that we choose is suitable for logistics.