Freight changes reflect new and old kinetic energy conversion

source:未知pubdate:2018-10-28 16:59 click:

The railway, aviation and shipping freight market is an important window to observe the economy of the freight market. Despite the persistent market dilemma, the three major freight industries have shown a positive trend of structural adjustment: steady black and white railway freight, counter-trend growth of air freight, and explosive growth of shipping e-commerce platforms, reflecting many new highlights of economic development between old and new momentum.
Railway freight transport "stable black and whitening"
A few days ago, a special railway freight train loaded with auto parts, plastic products, daily necessities and other goods departed from Zhuji East Railway Station in Zhejiang Province. The terminal was Zhuzhou, Hunan Province. This is the 10th special freight train set up by Shanghai Railway Administration according to the demand of transportation market. It will be operated normally in the future. Hu Jianfeng, director of Jinhua Freight Transport Center of Shanghai Railway Administration, said that the new policy of freight rate for railway containers in batches has been implemented in the train. The new policy will speed up the train without raising the price. The logistics cost will be reduced by about 15% compared with other transportation, which will help the manufacturing industry to reduce the transportation cost. The reporter learned from China Railway Corporation that with the continuous decline in the volume of large quantities of "black goods" such as coal, iron and steel, the railway sector has taken "black and white" measures to increase industrial machinery, electronic products, daily department stores and other discrete sources of "white goods" transport capacity protection. In order to meet the needs of enterprise cargo owners to reduce logistics costs in many important railway hubs in China, the supply side services of white cargo transportation should be reformed drastically while the volume of black cargo should be stabilized, the structure of cargo sources should be improved, and the types of cargo sources should be optimized.
At present, Shanghai Railway Administration has opened 23 special train lines from the Yangtze River Delta to Kunming, Urumqi and Shenyang. In the first quarter of this year, the number of scattered bulk express trucks was loaded by 706 vehicles, an increase of 135% over the same period. By connecting coal mines, ports, steel plants, power plants and other large customers, coal, metal ore and other bulk cargo traffic increased by 1.4% in early April. In March of this year, Guangzhou Railway Group's daily average freight loading rate ranked the first in the whole road, freight to achieve a stabilization of anti-slide, the volume of shipment increased by 55%. The industry forecasts that with further capacity removal and the end of the heating season, rail bulk traffic may continue to decline from March to May, and rail freight will usher in the "most difficult season". Experts said that the railway freight market reform should be taken as an opportunity to actively change the mode of freight development and operating mechanism, to solve the problem of increasing freight revenue.
Domestic air cargo growth
Tea is a main force in the export of Sichuan's special agricultural products. The head of Sichuan Tea Group said that the company has been focusing on the international market in recent years, and the export volume has doubled last year. Not only characteristic agricultural products, but also high-tech products with independent intellectual property rights are speeding up "going global". Shunfeng Express related person in charge told reporters that millet, Huawei and other high-value electronic products in the international sales volume is good, led to the rise of the entire air transport volume. With the high-tech products and characteristic agricultural products entering the international market, domestic new consumption potential accelerated release, leveraging the rapid development of domestic air cargo, internationalization and popularization has become an important growth point of air cargo in China. The State Administration of Civil Aviation estimates that the total turnover of China's transportation will reach 95.3 billion tons of kilometers and 6.8 million tons of cargo and postal transportation this year, an increase of 11.5% and 8.3% respectively over the previous year. "Driven by consumption, the express accounts for more than 50% of the domestic goods in the airport in the past two years." Wang Yong, Secretary of the General Logistics Department of the air traffic service department of Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport, said. Express logistics enterprises represented by Shun Feng and Tantong are accelerating the layout of their own air transport base. At present, the number of Shunfeng Airlines'own cargo planes has increased to 27, becoming the largest number of domestic cargo airlines; in 2015, Yuantong Airlines Express Airlines' total network air cargo outbound volume was 243,000 tons, roughly equivalent to the domestic and international mail outbound volume of Hangzhou Airport. Tang Jiqiang, chief executive officer of the West Finance Think Tank of Southwest University of Finance and Economics, believes that transport capacity is no longer concentrated on railways and highways, but more and more high-end freight transport is choosing air transport, which is an important symbol of the accelerated formation of China's new economic format and the accelerated transformation of old and new power.
Shipping e-commerce platform "thriving"
The international shipping market is in an unprecedented downturn. The Baltic Sea index hit a record low in the first quarter of this year, falling to its lowest 290 point in February 10th. Shanghai's export container freight index continued to decline, and fell to a record low of 640 in April 8th. The transport operation analysis report released by the Ministry of Transport from January to February of this year shows that the port throughput of our country shows a trend of "internal increase and external slowdown, North increase and South decrease", while the freight index continues to fall. Compared with the overall depression of domestic ports and shipping enterprises, the e-commerce platform for shipping industry has shown an explosive growth trend, and has become a "outstanding branch" in the structural adjustment of the shipping industry. The reporter understands, at present, domestic and small shipping B2B business platform has nearly 50. These shipping e-commerce platforms provide more open, transparent and efficient docking services through the Internet, bringing the original decentralized shipping forwarders and cargo owners together on the platform, thus subverting the traditional shipping industry. Taking domestic pan-Asian e-commerce as an example, the cumulative turnover in 2015 exceeded 300 million yuan, the volume of domestic trade cases was nearly 2.5 times that of the previous year, and the volume of foreign trade cases increased sharply to 9 times that of the previous year.
Bai Peijun, a long-time shipping market researcher at COSCO, said that there is an inherent demand for cost reduction and efficiency enhancement in the upstream and downstream of the shipping logistics industry chain. Taking advantage of e-commerce platform to quickly reach customers is conducive to trying out shipping business innovation.